TABLE 1

Intratumoural therapies delivered via bronchoscopic injection in non-small cell lung cancer

TherapyReferences
Bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG)#[12–14]
Nocardia rubra cell wall cytoskeleton#[45]
OK-432[46]
Ethanol (99.5%)[47]
5-Fluorouracil[17, 19]
Mitomycin[17]
Methotrexate[17]
Bleomycin[17]
Mitoxantrone[17]
Cisplatin#[20, 21, 25–29, 34, 48–50]
Carboplatin[18]
Paclitaxel[30, 33]
Para-toluenesulfonamide[31, 32]
Recombinant viral vector#[35–44]
Gene-modified dendritic cells#[51]

#: Used bronchosopic and percutaneous injection.