TABLE 1

Common adverse effects associated with systemic corticosteroids

OphthalmologicCataracts, glaucoma, central serous retinopathy
CardiovascularHeart failure, myocardial infarction, hypertension, thromboembolism, dyslipidaemia
MusculoskeletalOsteoporosis, fracture, osteopenia, myopathy
PsychiatricDepression/anxiety, mood swings
Sleep disordersSleep apnoea, sleep disturbances
InfectionsPneumonia, sepsis
EndocrineType II diabetes, obesity, growth retardation
Other complicationsRenal impairment, adrenal suppression, gastrointestinal ulcers, skin changes

Data from [20–22].