Table 1—

The“5 As” for smoking cessation intervention

Ask about tobacco useIdentify and document tobacco use status for every patient at every visit
Advise to quitIn a clear, strong and personalised manner urge every tobacco user to quit
Assess willingness to make a cessation attemptIs the tobacco user willing to make a cessation attempt at this time?
Assist in cessation attemptFor the patient willing to make a cessation attempt, use counselling and pharmacotherapy to help him or her quit
Arrange follow-upSchedule follow-up contact, preferably within the first week after the cessation date